political philosophy | Definition, History, Theories, & Facts | cbm11.orgPolitical philosophy , branch of philosophy that is concerned, at the most abstract level, with the concepts and arguments involved in political opinion. The meaning of the term political is itself one of the major problems of political philosophy. Broadly, however, one may characterize as political all those practices and institutions that are concerned with government. The central problem of political philosophy is how to deploy or limit public power so as to maintain the survival and enhance the quality of human life. Like all aspects of human experience, political philosophy is conditioned by environment and by the scope and limitations of mind , and the answers given by successive political philosophers to perennial problems reflect the knowledge and the assumptions of their times. Political philosophy, as distinct from the study of political and administrative organization, is more theoretical and normative than descriptive.
1. Introduction: What is Political Philosophy?
Distinction between Political Theory and Political Thought
This introductory article explains the theme of this book, which is about political theory. It evaluates the impact of literature that proved especially influential in framing debate through the last decades of the twentieth century and opening years of the twenty-first and examines the historical work on political thought. It describes the combination of concerns that runs through the work of John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and the liberal egalitarian tradition and identifies areas of debate that have proved particularly fruitful over the last thirty years. It analyses political theory from a global perspective and discusses body politic. Keywords: political theory , political thought , John Rawls , Ronald Dworkin , egalitarian tradition , body politic. Lukes , As Lukes suggests, political theory has often been a battleground where competing theorists pursue their mutally exclusive positions, either ignoring or denying the insights they might derive from considering alternative approaches.
In addition, it would contain a detailed analysis of the reasons which govern the same and explore discerning avenues covered by political theory and political thought in the field of political science. The paper would commence with how different political writers have often used the aforementioned terms interchangeably in discussing about the same subject matter, i.
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Political Thought is a part of the study of Political Science. Ideal political reforms and political ideologies Individualism liberalism socialism, communism and others. It is a part of the study of Political Science. Each political ideology is a particular and distinct philosophy of state. Thus Political Science and Philosophy are related but two different and distinct disciplines of study. Each uses the knowledge of other. Philosophy is much broader subject of study than Political Science.