Page Not Found |The United States is a federal republic in which the president , Congress and federal courts share powers reserved to the national government , according to its Constitution. The federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments. The executive branch is headed by the president and is formally independent of both the legislature and the judiciary. The cabinet serves as a set of advisers to the president. They include the vice president and heads of the executive departments. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Government in America
View larger. This product is part of the following series. Click on a series title to see the full list of products in the series. Introducing Government in America. The Constitution.
Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy. The U. Constitution arose out of important historical and philosophical ideas and preferences regarding popular sovereignty and limited government. Compromises were made during the Constitutional Convention and ratification debates, and these compromises have frequently been the source of conflict in U. Unit 2: Interactions Among Branches of Government. Because power is widely distributed and checks prevent one branch from usurping powers from the others, institutional actors are in the position where they must both compete and cooperate in order to govern.