Sociology Lesson 14- Race, Ethnicity and the Social Structure
The Sociology of Race and Ethnicity
The racial and ethnic makeup of the American people is in flux. New immigrants from Asia and Latin America have added a large measure of cultural and phenotypic diversity to the American population in recent decades, just as waves of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe did a century ago Bean and Stevens ; Higham ; Lieberson and Waters : Ch. Moreover, the boundaries between racial and ethnic groups are becoming blurred by high rates of intermarriage and the growing number of persons with mixed ancestry Lee and Bean Descriptions and projections of the racial and ethnic composition of the American people appear kaleidoscopic, with varied accounts and interpretations. This interpretation is consistent with the thesis of the declining significance of race and ethnicity in American society. These conflicting accounts arise, in part, because of differing ideological presuppositions, but also because racial and ethnic identities are not mutually exclusive or immutable Barth ; Alba The US Census Bureau recently released population projections showing that non-Hispanic whites will no longer be the majority of the population in US Census Bureau b ; Roberts
The sociology of race and ethnicity is a large and vibrant subfield within sociology in which researchers and theorists focus on the ways that social, political, and economic relations interact with race and ethnicity in a given society, region, or community. Topics and methods in this subfield are wide-ranging, and the development of the field dates back to the early 20th century. The sociology of race and ethnicity began to take shape in the late 19th century. The American sociologist W. Du Bois , who was the first African American to earn a Ph. However, the subfield today differs greatly from its early stages. When early American sociologists focused on race and ethnicity, du Bois excepted, they tended to focus on the concepts of integration, acculturation , and assimilation , in keeping with the view of the U.
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How race and ethnicity are measured
Intergroup Relations and the Management of Diversity. This is a contentious term, as we will see below, but it does give us a way to speak about the growing ethnic and racial diversity of Canada. The census noted that visible minorities made up This was up from The three largest visible minority groups were South Asians 25 percent , Chinese Going back to the census, only 0. Aboriginal Canadians made up 1.