The Canon of Medicine - WikipediaThis part of Central Asia at that time was part of the Persian Empire. First, these works, and especially the Canon , offer rich pickings. The role of experience in gaining medical knowledge is one such question; another is the function of the soul and how it interfaces with the brain. Canon of Medicine, General Medicine , Volume 1. The first volume contains generalities concerning the human body, sickness, health and general treatment and therapeutics. According to the Avicennian Theory of Medicine we are born with an innate heat. We should strive throughout our lifetime to maintain that original balance and equilibrium in regard to its three aspects of the self: body, mind soul and energy spirit.
Ancora "Avicenna " Pen
The Canon of Medicine
The Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority for centuries. It set the standards for medicine in Medieval Europe and the Islamic world and was used as a standard medical textbook through the 18th century in Europe. The medical traditions of Galen and thereby Hippocrates , had dominated Islamic medicine from its beginnings. Avicenna sought to fit these traditions into Aristotle 's natural philosophy. The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: . Book 1 is made up of six theses which give a general description of medicine in general, the cosmic elements that make up the cosmos and the human body, the mutual interaction of elements temperaments , fluids of the body humours , human anatomy, and physiology. Avicenna believed that the human body cannot be restored to health unless the causes of both health and disease are determined.
The Islamic scientific thought developed on the crossroads of the oldest civilizations, in the space of constant tensions and riots. The development of the Islamic golden civilization is marked with the religion Islam and the influence of the Hebrew, Helenistic, Persian, Christian and other traditions and cultures. The Islamic scholastic philosophy revived the ancient Greek philosophy and preserved the heritage of Aristotle and Plato for the European renaissance. One of the greatest names of the falasifa-helenistically inspired philosophy-was Abdullah Ibn sina Avicenna, His opus contains about three hundred works on philosophical topics, 44 on medical, 81 works on astronomy and natural sciences and over 70 works on different religious topics. The Canon of Medicine was the medical authority up until the 17 th century and was setting the standards for medicine in Europe and the Islamic world. The Canon was translated into Latin and had 15 Latin editions.
Ibn Sina, , whose name was Abu al-Hussayn ibn Abdullah ibn Sina, was an outstanding medical writer and physician. His Al-Quanun fi al-Tibb, was a masterpiece of Arabic systemization, in which he sought to collate and organize all known medical knowledge. When the work was translated into Latin, it became known as the Canon of Medicine and was the dominant text for the teaching of medicine in Europe. It went through many versions and was later translated into the vernacular of several nations. The Canon was used as a medical text for over years, continuing in some areas until well into the nineteenth century. The prophet Muhammad, born at Mecca in , created a religion—Islam—that quickly spread and unified the tribal people of the Arabian peninsula. Mohammed recorded his beliefs in the Koran , the holy book of Islam.
Also called The Cure it is intended to "cure" or "heal" ignorance of the soul. Despite its title, it is not concerned with medicine; Avicenna's earlier The Canon of Medicine in 5 volumes had been medical. He probably began to compose the al-Shifa in , completed it around ,  and published it in The book is divided into four parts: logic , natural sciences , mathematics a quadrivium of arithmetic, geometry , astronomy , and music , and metaphysics. In astronomy , the book proposed the theory that Venus is closer to Earth than the Sun. He created a synthesis of ideas concerning the nature of the mineral and metallic states.